The Pixel Art: discover a playful and original art of creation

Le Pixel Art ou l'art de la création ludique et originale | Quark

Pixel art is a form digital art, created using software, where images are edited at pixel level. Aesthetics of this type of graphics come from 8-bit and 16-bit computers and computer consoles. video games, in addition to other limited systems such as graphing calculators. In most graphic arts, the color palette used is extremely limited in size, with some graphic arts using only two colors.

Welcome to Pixel Art

Licorne Dab Pixel Art

Creative use

Creating or modifying pixel art characters or objects for video games is sometimes referred to as "spriting," a term that originated from the hobbyist community. The term likely comes from the term sprite, a term used in computer graphics to describe a two-dimensional bitmap that is used in tandem with other bitmaps to build a larger scene.

The story

Much of the pixel art has come from classic video games, especially classic arcade games like Space Invaders (1978) and Pac-Man (1980), and 8-bit consoles such as the Nintendo Entertainment System (1983) and Sega Master System (1985).

The term "pixel art" was first published by Adele Goldberg and Robert Flegal of the Xerox Palo Alto research center in 1982, but the concept dates back about 11 years before that, for example in Richard Shoup's SuperPaint system in 1972, also at Xerox PARC [2].

Some traditional art forms, such as wire embroidery (including cross stitch) and some types of mosaic and beadwork, are very similar to pixel art. These art forms construct images from small colored units similar to the pixels of modern digital computing. A similar concept on a much larger scale can be seen at North Korea's Arirang Festival.

A definition of Pixel Art 

Although the definition of the medium is not concrete, the majority of pixel artists agree that an image can be categorized as pixel art when the artist manipulates the image by deliberately controlling the position of each. individual pixel. Most pixelists do not consider images to which filters that make the image look like a pixel have been applied to be identical to pixel art, because the pixels that make up the image have not been placed. consciously by the artist, and usually do not have much importance in relation to the whole image.

A common characteristic of pixel art is the low number of colors in the image. Pixel art as a medium mimics many of the features found in older graphics from video games, rendered by machines that could only produce a limited number of colors at a time. Additionally, many pixel artists are of the opinion that in most cases the use of a large number of colors, especially when they are very similar in value, is unnecessary and adversely affects the overall cleanliness of the room. the image, making it more messy. Many experienced pixelists recommend using no more colors than necessary.

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